The objective of this exercise for me was to dump all the product data as CSV / JSON so I could index them into Algolia. The exercise consisted of multiple steps to get to the required form of data. I will run through all those steps and explain what is happening.
If you are new to Heroku and PostgreSQL and need to backup/restore data to and from your PostgreSQL database in Heroku, it might be overwhelming to get it right. This post has everything you will need to do just that.